Chemistry of Environmental Systems: Fundamental Principles and Analytical Methods

Pdf Book Name: Chemistry of Environmental Systems: Fundamental Principles and Analytical Methods
Author: Jeffrey S. Gaffney, Nancy A. Marley
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN-10, 13: 1119313406,9781119313403
Year: 2020
Pages: 579 Pages
Language: English
File size: 38 MB
File format: PDF,EPUB

Chemistry of Environmental Systems: Fundamental Principles and Analytical Methods Pdf Book Description:

Chemistry of Environmental Systems is written with the overall concept of teaching the subject in a manner that develops a proactive science, learning from our past experiences and using the knowledge obtained from these experiences to prevent future environmental impacts. This is differentiated from the reactive science that environmental chemistry has been in the past. Thus, environmental chemistry as a subject is not simply the measurement of pollution species in the various environmental phases, but is the understanding of the chemical processes in the natural environment and how these natural chemical processes react when perturbed by either acute or chronic additions of chemical compounds into the whole Earth system. This book addresses the development of the chemistry of environmental systems as it has changed over the past 50 years. Chemistry of Environmental Systems evolved from a senior-level undergraduate/lower-level graduate course in Environmental Chemistry taught by one of the authors (JSG) at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. This course used two textbooks as resources: Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere, by Dr. Barbara Finlayson-Pitts and Dr. James N. Pitts, Jr. and the Second Edition of Chemistry of the Environment, by Dr. Ronald A. Bailey, Dr. Herbert M. Clark, Dr. James P. Ferris, Dr. Sonja Krause, and Dr. Robert L. Strong.

Both of these texts have influenced the writing of this book and while Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere details atmospheric chemistry as it was known at the date of publication (2000), Chemistry of the Environment covers the subject with a more holistic approach, including the environmental problems of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere that were clearly identified by the year of publication (2002). While teaching the Environmental Chemistry course, it became increasingly apparent that the impacts of pollution on the chemistry of the environment are global in nature, even though they were originally thought to be local issues. Also, environmental chemical reactions are not restricted to one specific environmental phase. For example, the fundamental reaction mechanisms that are important in gas-phase chemistry of the troposphere and stratosphere are, in many cases, also important mechanisms for aqueous and surface phase reactions. Major environmental problems, such as urban air pollution, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and catastrophic releases of pollutants like oil spills, have been well known for decades, if not centuries. The potential impacts of climate change have now brought even more attention to the fact that these environmental problems are not standalone one-time events, but will continue to be major issues as we move forward in the Anthropocene. The impacts of the ever-growing human population on the environment are real and require that we address these issues in a more fundamental way, focusing on the principles of environmental chemistry. This approach is very important in training future scientists in all disciplines to begin to develop critical thinking skills in order to avoid future major environmental impacts and to move toward a sustainable global environment. Indeed, fully understanding environmental impacts requires that students and future environmental researchers have a solid background

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